S 1821 - Acanthus, silver, diobols (Period F) (430-380 BCE)
From SILVER
430 BCE - 380 BCE Silver 920 kg
Description
ObverseInscription or printing placed on the obverse.: | Π before visor (Greek).Helmeted head of Athena right |
ReverseInscription or printing placed on the reverse.: | (Greek).Quadripartite incuse square, ethnic in quarters |
Mint and issuing power
MintIdentifies the place of manufacture or issue of a numismatic object.: | Acanthus | Ancient regionAncient region.: | Macedon | Modern countryModern country: Greece | AuthorityIdentifies the issuing power. The authority can be "pretended" when the name or the portrait of X is on the coin but he/she was not the issuing power. It can also be "uncertain" when there is no mention of X on the coin but he/she was the issuing power according to the historical sources: |
Chronology
FromIdentifies the initial date in a range assigned in a numismatic context. | 430 BCE | toIdentifies the final date in a range assigned in a numismatic context.. | 380 BCE | PeriodTime period of the numismatic object.: Classical ^{480-323 BC} |
Physical description
MetalThe physical material (usually metal) from which an object is made.: | Silver | Median weightMedian of the weights of numismatic objects (in grams). in grams | 0.90 | DenominationTerm indicating the value of a numismatic object. Examples: tetradrachm, chalkous, denarius.: | diobol | StandardStandard.: |
References
Die study referencePublication of the study: | Tselekas 19961 | ||
Coin series referenceReference to coin series study: | HGC 3.12 |
Obverse dies distribution
FrequencyFrequency of specimen in distribution. ^{ᵖ} | Number of obversesNumber of obverse dies. ^{ᵖ} (o) | % (o) | Number of coinsNumber of coins. (n) | % (n) | Die nameName(s) of the die(s). |
1 | 14 | 73.68 | 14 | 51.85 | 45, 46, 47, 48, 50, 51, 53, 54, 55, 56, 57, 59, 60, 61 |
2 | 3 | 15.79 | 6 | 22.22 | 44, 52, 58 |
3 | 1 | 5.26 | 3 | 11.11 | 49 |
4 | 1 | 5.26 | 4 | 14.81 | 43 |
Total | 19 of 19 | 99.99 | 27 of 27 | 99.99 |
Reverse dies distribution
no distribution is available
Quantification
Number of obversesNumber of obverse dies. ^{ᵖ} (o) | 19 | Number of singletons (o1)The number of singleton coins. ^{ᵖ} | 14 |
Number of reverse diesNumber of reverse dies. (r) | 21 | Number of coinsNumber of coins. (n) | 27 |
Coins per obverse dieNumber of coins per obverse die. (n/o) | 1.42 | Coins per reverse dieNumber of coins per reverse die. (n/r) | 1.29 |
Reverse per obverse ratioRatio of obverse dies divided by reverse dies. (r/o) | 1.11 | Percentage of singletons (o1)number of coins (n) divided by the number of singletons (o1) ^{ᵖ} | 73.68 % |
Original number of dies (O) (Carter 1983 formula)The estimation of the number of coins according to Carter 1983 ^{ᵖ} | 51.12 | Coins struck if 20,000 as average productivity per dieCoins made if the average productivity for obverses (according to Carter) is 20,000. ^{ᵖ} | 1,022,400 |
Original number of dies (O) (Esty 2011 formula)The estimation of the number of coins according to the singleton formula in Esty 2011 ^{ᵖ} (O) | 64.13 | Survival rate if 20,000 as average productivity per dieSurvival rate if average productivity is 20,000. ^{ᵖ} | 0.00003 |
Coverage (o = % of O) (Esty 1984 formula)Esty 1984 - coverage (% of O) ^{ᵖ} (o = % of O) | 48.15% | Die productivity if survival rate 1/2,000Average productivity if survival rate is 1/2,000. ^{ᵖ} | 1,056.34 |
Weight of silver (in kg) if 20,000 coins per die (O = Carter formula)Carter 1983 * Median weight * 20000 (*10 if gold or electrum) ^{ᵖ} | 920 kg <br /> 920 kg | Die productivity if survival rate 1/5,000Average productivity if survival rate is 1/5,000. ^{ᵖ} | 2,640.85 |
Remarks
Most likely one single workstation