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Complete 3D musculoskeletal geometries were extracted from the National Libraries of Medicine Visible Human Female and Male cryosection images. Muscle, bone, cartilage, ligament, and fat from the pelvis to the ankle were digitized and exported in shareabl


Complete 3D musculoskeletal geometries were extracted from the National Libraries of Medicine Visible Human Female and Male cryosection images. Muscle, bone, cartilage, ligament, and fat from the pelvis to the ankle were digitized and exported in shareable formats and made available for download. While a substantial amount of published work has been derived from the Visible Human Project, this is the first time a large number of musculoskeletal 3D geometries are being made available to the public including both male and female specimens. Currently, 260 geometries from the Visible Human Male and Female are available consisting of 76 muscles, 28 bones, 16 cartilages, 8 ligaments, and 2 fat geometries per subject. The library is available at multiple layers of processing and remarkably in a final form with no overlap between individual structures. This library is made available to motivate continued work in multi-scale, high-fidelity musculoskeletal modeling and promote reuse and continued development of the dataset.

SUPPORT
This data was made possible by NIH grant U01 AR072989 with combined support from the National Institute for Arthritis, Musculoskeletal, and Skin Diseases (NIAMS), the National Institute of Biomedical Imaging and Bioengineering (NIBIB), and the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD).

CITATIONS
TE Andreassen, DR Hume, LD Hamilton, K Walker, SE Higinbotham, KB Shelburne (in review) “Three-dimensional lower extremity musculoskeletal geometry of the Visible Human Female and Male,” Scientific Data, 2022.

TE Andreassen, DR Hume, LD Hamilton, SE Higinbotham, KB Shelburne (in review) “An Automated Process for 2D and 3D Finite Element Overclosure and Gap Adjustment using Radial Basis Function Networks,” Computer Methods and Programs in Biomedicine, 2022.

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Coming Soon: 260 geometries from the Visible Human Male and Female were extracted from the imaging datasets. The skeletal components consist of the pelvis through the feet (Table 1); the ligament and cartilage components consist of hip, knee, and ankle cartilages and knee ligaments (Table 2); muscle components consist of 76 separate muscles from the Iliacus proximally to the Flexor Digitorum distally (Table 3), and two fat components consisting of the intramuscular fat and fascia, and the outer fat, dermis, and epidermis (Table 4).

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