This page contains a literature review of currently available knee models based on finite element analysis. The Standards proposal, developed by Working Group 10 - Model Sharing and Standards of Interagency Modeling and Analysis Group is specialized for knee modeling, as a guideline for the review process.

Review Guidelines

Please use this list as a guideline while you are reviewing an article. While this list is comprehensive, not all items need to be filled in. This is simply a set of recommendations with the potential to establish a standardized and objective review process.

Identification & Description

Model Structure & Content


Also see Anderson et al. (2007).


Also see Anderson et al. (2007).


Studies on FEA of the Knee

Open Knee

The finite element representation used in the Open Knee projects is reviewed in here as an example. This will also serve an ongoing assessment of the scholarly status of the knee model under development.


Anderson AE, Ellis BJ, Weiss JA. Verification, validation and sensitivity studies in computational biomechanics. Comput Methods Biomech Biomed Engin. 2007 Jun;10(3):171-84. Review.

Bendjaballah M, Shirazi-Adl A, Zukor D. Biomechanics of the human knee joint in compression: reconstruction, mesh generation and finite element analysis [Internet]. The Knee 1995 Jun;2(2):69-79.[cited 2010 Apr 5 ] Available from:

Donahue TLH, Hull ML, Rashid MM, Jacobs CR. A finite element model of the human knee joint for the study of tibio-femoral contact [Internet]. J Biomech Eng 2002 Jun;124(3):273-280.[cited 2010 Apr 5 ] Available from:

Li G, Gil J, Kanamori A, Woo SL. A validated three-dimensional computational model of a human knee joint [Internet]. J Biomech Eng 1999 Dec;121(6):657-662.[cited 2010 Apr 6 ] Available from:

Peña E, Calvo B, Martínez MA, Doblaré M. A three-dimensional finite element analysis of the combined behavior of ligaments and menisci in the healthy human knee joint [Internet]. J Biomech 2006;39(9):1686-1701.[cited 2010 Apr 7 ] Available from:

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