This page contains a literature review of currently available knee models based on finite element analysis. The Standards proposal, developed by Working Group 10 - Model Sharing and Standards of Interagency Modeling and Analysis Group is specialized for knee modeling, as a guideline for the review process.
Please use this list as a guideline while you are reviewing an article. While this list is comprehensive, not all items need to be filled in. This is simply a set of recommendations with the potential to establish a standardized and objective review process.
Identification & Description
Model name, keywords (generic and specific).
Summary of highlights.
Summary of limitations.
Reference to publication.
Pointer to publication.
Model Structure & Content
Physics and domains. e.g. static, dynamics, elastics, biphasic, joint, tissue, cell
Overall modeling assumptions.
Loading and boundary conditions. scenario, origin.
Primary output variables.
Secondary output variables.
Components (subsidiary models). e.g. bone, cartilage, ligaments, menisci
Geometric representation. Origin of data, segmentation procedures.
Mesh. Mesh generation protocols, characteristics.
Material properties. Constitutive models, origin of parameters.
Interaction properties. Models to represent interactions, origin of parameters.
Simulation settings. Numerical solvers used, stopping tolerances, etc.
Also see Anderson et al. (2007).
Methods of verification. Based on information provided by simulation software or additional analysis conducted by the study.
Correctness of formulation.
Comparisons with analytical solutions. referral to relevant test problems in simulation software documentation.
Sensitivity to simulation settings.
Assessment of repeatability.
Also see Anderson et al. (2007).
Physiological relevance of loading and boundary conditions.
Justification of parameters. Providing source information and evaluation
Data used for model development.
Data used for model comparison. experimentation by authors or from literature, other model results.
Validation procedures. direct (primary output variable validated), indirect (secondary output validated), or procedural (validation conducted with a simplified representative problem and its experimentation).
Predictive capacity. Model is predictive, shown to fit other data not used as basis.
Website for downloads. source code or as binary.
Website (or contact) for queries.
Website for public commentary, responses, and rating.
Follow-up. Development of subsequent models and publications, or alternative models.
Studies on FEA of the Knee
The finite element representation used in the Open Knee projects is reviewed in here as an example. This will also serve an ongoing assessment of the scholarly status of the knee model under development.
Anderson AE, Ellis BJ, Weiss JA. Verification, validation and sensitivity studies in computational biomechanics. Comput Methods Biomech Biomed Engin. 2007 Jun;10(3):171-84. Review.
Bendjaballah M, Shirazi-Adl A, Zukor D. Biomechanics of the human knee joint in compression: reconstruction, mesh generation and finite element analysis [Internet]. The Knee 1995 Jun;2(2):69-79.[cited 2010 Apr 5 ] Available from: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/B6TCJ-3YBB09T-D/2/163653f0058cf1f2da6ca96a29d40459
Donahue TLH, Hull ML, Rashid MM, Jacobs CR. A finite element model of the human knee joint for the study of tibio-femoral contact [Internet]. J Biomech Eng 2002 Jun;124(3):273-280.[cited 2010 Apr 5 ] Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/12071261
Li G, Gil J, Kanamori A, Woo SL. A validated three-dimensional computational model of a human knee joint [Internet]. J Biomech Eng 1999 Dec;121(6):657-662.[cited 2010 Apr 6 ] Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/10633268
Peña E, Calvo B, Martínez MA, Doblaré M. A three-dimensional finite element analysis of the combined behavior of ligaments and menisci in the healthy human knee joint [Internet]. J Biomech 2006;39(9):1686-1701.[cited 2010 Apr 7 ] Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/15993414